E-Space

Improving epidemiosurveillance of Mediterranean and tropical plant diseases

Goals

The objectives of the project are to create synergies between existing epidemiological surveillance structures and to define innovative approaches to improve our knowledge of the pathological and epidemiological processes underlying the emergence of plant pathogens. Our objective is to provide epidemiological surveillance programmes with data and tools to improve their response to the emergence of plant pathogens.

Actions

Planned actions:

  • 1- understand the pathways of pathogen bio-invasion
  • 2- understand the epidemiological dynamics and adaptive changes underlying the emergence of plant diseases
  • 3- understand the biotic factors associated with the non-emergence or emergence of pathogens.

Results

Since 2016, E-Space has enabled the setting up and implementation of several projects between teams from the 4 partner units; ANR projects have been submitted and some accepted as a continuation of WP1 and WP3.

E-Space supported the financing (salary and/or operation) of 6 PhD students who participated in all the project coordination meetings. These PhD students constitute a future pool of scientists in the disciplines around epidemiosurveillance. The E-Space project has been a springboard for several actions, including

research projects on ancient DNAs in herbaria ;
numerous exchanges between project scientists on methodologies for analysing emergence histories
the description and characterisation of the microbiota in the broad sense (viruses, bacteria and fungi) of three rice-growing agroecosystems (China, Burkina Faso and Camargue);
the strengthening of partnerships with field actors, in particular in Africa (LMI PathoBios, Côte d’Ivoire), Vietnam (LMI Rice) and Latin America (LMI BioINCA);
The transfer to partners of detection and diagnostic tools for epidemiological surveillance networks. The training of surveillance actors is one of the major outputs of the project; it has enabled all the researchers to participate in the international influence of their units and institutions, particularly towards the South;
Between 2016 and 2018, the project’s scientific output includes 30 A-rank publications and numerous communications at national and international conferences.

Prospects

This dynamic will continue until the end of the project in December 2019. The final workshop in September 2019 will be an opportunity to share the results and experiences with all the project partners: researchers from the 4 units, partners from the South, ANSES partners and other units.
The undeniable added value of this project is the construction, in 2021, of a new Plant Health UMR that will result from the merger of the 3 plant pathology units (BGPI, IPME and Bioagresseurs). This UMR will allow the scientific dynamics initiated by the E-Space project to continue, based on epidemiosurveillance, metagenomic diagnosis and the study of the origins and mechanisms of emergences.
To avoid the risk of losing the scientific momentum generated by the E-Space project’s conferences and training courses, tools and events will be set up to ensure that the momentum continues. The construction of a MOOC in Plant Epidemiosurveillance in collaboration with ANSES is planned for late 2019. In addition, the project team is working with CIRAD and INRA on the participation of the units in the INRA-DGAL-ANSES plant epidemiosurveillance platform set up in Avignon.

  • Project Number
    1504-004
  • Call for project
  • Start date :
    1 October 2015
  • Closing date :
    30 September 2019
  • Flagship project :
    yes
  • Responsable
    Claire Neema (UMR BGPI)
  • Research units in the network
Scientific partners: