The project allowed us to develop 7 new modules in English (with an average duration of 20 hours each) which are unique in the international courses on crop modeling. Some of the specific teaching documents developed for these module (especially in M2, P1 and P3) have inspired research work and some of the scientific publications submitted during this project. The testing of the modules has contributed to capacity development in conceptual and mathematical modeling for students who have had little or no exposure to modeling before, even for some of the PhD students. Comments from the students who attended the PhD school in December 2017 were very positive – see Appendix 3. Overall the test of the modules developed for this project involved 40 MSc students and 15 PhD students over the two years of the project.