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Genetic diversity of the emblematic food tree species Myristica fragrans, M. fatua and M. argentea (Indonesian Nutmegs) : applications to genetic resources conservation and sustainable management.

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The main purpose of the project NUTMEG is to characterize the genetic diversity and structure of nutmeg species (Myristica fragrans, M. fatua and M. argentea) in their native Indonesian distribution to underpin strategies of conservation and use. These species are food tree species, whom seeds and maces are exploited as spices. Getting information on the distribution of their genetic diversity within and between wild and cultivated populations will help contributing to the conservation, sustainable management and use of these species. An Indonesian faculty member from Lampung State Polytechnic (LSP), Jakty Kusuma, will conduct the project trained by IRD researchers (N. Scarcelli and J. Duminil (SAFOODNet Project, 1502-503), UMR DIADE, DYNADIV team).

Expected outputs. By conducting this research, we expect to:
(i) acquire a large collection of plant samples covering the natural and cultivated distribution of M. fragrans, M. fatua and M. argentea;
(ii) develop nSSR for these three species that will allow characterizing their genetic diversity;
(iii) provide clear information on the genetic diversity distribution within and among species’ populations, identify native (wild) populations and inform on the domestication status of cultivated populations;
(iv) evaluate if inter-specific gene flow occurs (or occurred) between species;
(v) train J. Kusuma in molecular biology, bioinformatics and genetics;
(vi) establish a durable collaboration on the study of Southeast Asia biodiversity be-tween IRD and LSP;
(vii) contribute to the development of conservation and sustainable management strategies to support mace and nutmeg agriculture. Altogether the project will represent a strong contribution to the conservation and use of genetic resources of three socio-economically important food tree species.

Project Number : 1502-504

Year : 2017

Type of funding : AAP

Project type : AAP MOBILITE

Start date :
01 Feb 2018

End date :
31 Aug 2019

Flagship project :

Project leader :
Nora Scarcelli

Project leader's institution :

Project leader's RU :

Budget allocated :
19764 €

Total budget allocated ( including co-financing) :
19764 €

Funding :