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NewPearl

NewPearl - Combining new phenotyping approaches and next generation sequencing to accelerate breeding in pearl millet, an orphan cereal from arid regions

Developing the plant of the future Sustainability Plant Ecophysio/architecture/phenotyping Varietal improvement Gene expression Protein/proteomic Quality Value chain Mil root
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Abstract

Goal

Providing tools and knowledge to accelerate the breeding of new pearl millet varieties with increased nutritional qualities as well as better adaptation to environmental stresses to increase food security in dry regions and in particular in sub Saharan Africa

Action

WP1: Root phenotyping
Task 1.1: Characterization of the root architecture of a collection of pearl millet inbred lines
Task 1.2: Screening for natural root exudation variation
Task 1.3: Correlation studies between root traits and agronomical characters
WP2: Seed quality phenotyping
Task 2.1: Phenotyping a collection of inbred lines for seed traits
Task 2.2: Identify and investigate the expression of relevant genes involved in phytic acid and C-glucosylflavones synthesis/accumulation in pearl millet seeds
Task 2.3: Alternative strategies for pearl millet biofortification: search for low phytic acid (lpa) and low C-glucosylflavones (lcgf) mutants and impact of lpa traits on seed conservation and drought response
WP3: Genomic resources for pearl millet breeding
Task 3.1: Produce GBS data for selected inbred lines (>100) and for the RIL populations
Task 3.2: Genome wide association studies and QTL analysis

Results

WP1: Root phenotyping
A collection of 192 pearl millet inbred lines was analyzed for root architecture traits (in particular primary root growth) and root exudation (which stimulates soil agregation in root vicinity).
A field trial has been conducted to analyze the tolerance of these inbred lines to early drought stress. This experiment is currently replicated.
The cellular organisation of different root types was characterized.
WP2: Seed quality phenotyping
A collection of 157 pearl millet inbred lines was analysed for for phytic acid, goitrogens (C-glucoyl flavones) and essential minerals. Inbred lines with contrasting phenotype for the content of these compounds have been identified.
Pearl millet orthologs of genes relevant for phytic acid and C-glucosylflavones synthesis/accumulation have been identified and their expression during seed development is under evaluation.
WP3: Genomic resources for pearl millet breeding
All the inbred lines have been sequenced and the data are currently used to generate genotyping by sequencing information and to perfom association studies.

Project Images

Project Number : 1301-015

Year : 2013

Type of funding : AAP

Project type : AAP CARIPLO

Research units in the network : AGAP ECO&SOLS

Start date :
12 May 2014

End date :
16 Feb 2017

Flagship project :
Non

Project leader :
Laurent Laplaze

Project leader's institution :
IRD

Project leader's RU :
DIADE

Budget allocated :
299743 €

Total budget allocated ( including co-financing) :
562863 €

Funding :
Labex